SOLARIS - first synchrotron radiation facility in CEE region

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A synchrotron is an electron accelerator and a source of remarkable synchrotron light. Particle accelerators are research tools which accelerate elementary particles with an electrical charge to speeds approaching the speed of light. In synchrotrons at the moment that the particles change their trajectory, they emit a stream of photons. The brightness of synchrotron light is more than a billion times greater than the light of the Sun. This radiation encompasses a wide spectrum of electromagnetic waves, from infrared to X-rays. These waves can be filtered and directed into a number of beamlines for the purposes of a wide variety of analyses.

Synchrotrons open up completely new research possibilities. Thanks to them, we can carry out analyses which were previously impossible. Synchrotrons also allow us to obtain better results than those from studies carried out using traditional methods. The synchrotron is currently the most versatile research tool possessed in the natural and technical sciences, such as energy, biology, chemistry, physics, materials engineering, nanotechnology, medicine, pharmacology, geology, or crystallography.

The SOLARIS synchrotron is the most modern and largest multidisciplinary research tool in Poland and most modern within CEE region. It outstanding capabilities place it firmly at the cutting edge of devices of this type. As a strategic investment for the development of science, it has been included in the Polish Roadmap for Research Infrastructures.

The National Centre for Synchrotron Radiation functions under the auspices of Jagiellonian University. It is located on the Third Campus, the so-called Campus of the 600th Anniversary of the Jagiellonian University Revival, in the southern part of Krakow. It neighbours the Krakow Technology Park special economic zone. The Centre was built between 2010 and 2015. The investment was co-financed by the European Union with funds from the European Regional Development Fund, as part of the Innovative Economy Operational Programme for 2007-2013.

The main components of the SOLARIS machine are: an electron gun, a linear accelerator (linac), a transfer line and a storage ring with beamlines.

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